91.2% of the territory of the municipality of Betancuria is occupied by the Betancuria Rural Park, protected by its geomorphologic and ethnographic values space.

.Mapa area rural Park of Betancuria

1. Geographical location

–    Location: in the Central-Western sector of the island.The Natural Monument of Ajuy is located in the interior of the Rural Park.
–    Municipalities: Puerto del Rosario, Betancuria, Antigua, Pájara y Tuineje.
–    Surface: 16.544,3 hectáreas.

2. Antecedentes de protección

Declared by law 12/1987, of 19 June, Declaration of natural spaces of Canary Islands such as Betancuria Natural Park and reclassified by law 12/1994, of 19 December, natural spaces of Canary Rural Park, the “Natural Monument of Ajuy” being included in the same”.

As a zone of special protection for birds (ZEPA) is included in the Natura 2000 network, as set out in the European Directive 79/409/EEC on the conservation of wild birds. With the entry into force of the Legislative Decree 1/2000, of May 8, contained in law 12/1994 reclassification, of natural spaces of Canary Islands has not been modified, reflecting the same description. Already in 2009 there is final approval appearing collected bulletins 2009/078 of April 24, 2009 and 2009/093 of May 18, 2009, where we gather the Master Plan for use and management of the Rural Park of Betancuria” href=”” target=”_blank”>2009/078 de 24 de Abril de 2009 y 2009/093 de 18 de Mayo de 2009, dónde se recoge el Plan Rector de Uso y Gestión del Parque Rural de Betancuria.

Within the rural Park, there are areas of ecological sensitivity, as the natural monument of Ajuy and use general and restricted zones.

3. Natural values

The massif of Betancuria is one of the most spectacular outcrops of the Insular Basal complex, with a high scientific value. Important deposits of old materials, with ocean and fossil sediments of missing marine animals, which at present constitute the Natural Monument of Ajuy are also located in this massif.

As a whole, it is a landscape of great beauty where you combine traditional uses with natural values. In the crags and mountain massifs vegetation stands out due to the presence of endemic majoreros, Canary Islands and Macaronesian where we can find species such as the sweet tabaiba (Euphorbia balsamifera), the jorjao (nauplii asteriscus seiceus) and the cuernua (Caralluma buchardii). Palm trees are located in slopes and ravines (Phoenix canariensis) and tarajales (Tamarix canariensis and T. africanus). Moreover particular habitats such as Las Peñitas and Los Molinos dam acquire great wildlife interest due to the presence of native birds such as the majorero guirre (Neophron percnopterus majorensis), the Canary (Serinus canaria) and the blue tit (Parus caeruleus degener) and migratory as the Shelduck (Tadorna ferruginea) and the teal duck (marbled angustirostris)..

Outcrops of the Basal complex of the island and flows of volcanic elevetad and underground series converge in this space. The landscape is characterized by its unusual chromaticism, alternating with loins of soft appearance with canyons in U-shape and the presence of forested foothills of considerable importance in the context of the island, such as Morro Velosa (669 m) and Morrro de la Cruz (676 m), Great Mountain (708 m), Morro Jana (764 m).

The rocks and mountains are home to several plants, there are rupicolous species endangered and protected. Introduced species include the mimo (Nicotiana glauca) and the population of pine known as Pinar de Betancuria. The vegetation of the hills of lower altitude is characterized by a little dense herbaceous tapestry, of limited extent, few trees and a thicket formed mainly by gorse, cacti, savory and spurges. Ravine funds inside tarajales, Palm trees, reeds, rushes, etc.